Irish activist and labor organizer James Larkin found Irish Transport and General Workers’ Union. He was born in Liverpool, England on the twenty-first or twenty-eighth of January (depending on the source) in 1876.
The union he formed became the biggest in the region. Following the Dublin Lockout ITGWU fell to pieces. In 1914 Larkin went to the United States, he was later deported.
Jim Larkin continued with organizing labor into the 1940s and was a Marxist. He was in Dublin, Ireland when he died on the thirtieth of January in 1947. Larkin who did not have a lot of formal education worked at many jobs as a young man and ended up working on the Liverpool docks as a foreman.
Larkin became a trade union organizer in 1905 after joining National Union of Dock Laborers based on his belief the workers were not being treated fairly.
The strike methods that Larkin used caused alarm for the union and led to his 1907 transfer to Dublin where the Irish Transport and General Workers’ Union was formed. The goal was for all of Ireland’s industrial workers to be in the same organization. Read more: Jim Larkin | Biography and Jim Larkin | Wikipedia
As leader of the Irish Labor Party Larkin was responsible for several strikes with the Dublin Lockout of 1913 being the most significant. It resulted in almost eight months of over ten thousand workers striking and winning fair employment rights.
Larkin traveled to the United States in fund raising efforts for fighting against the British. He was convicted of communism and criminal anarchy during 1920. While he was pardoned in 1923 he was deported.